Mushrooms

Edible Mushrooms

Disclaimer: Some wild mushrooms will kill you with just a nibble. Don’t be silly.

Yellowfoot & other Small Chanterelles

aka: Winter Chanterelle, Trompetenpfifferling
Species: Craterellus lutescens, Craterellus tubaeformis, Craterellus ignicolor and others

Description

Small. Hollow stem. Orange to yellow and sometimes darker — coloring depends on the species.

C. lutescens
C. lutescens by Paul Cabot

C. lutescens is lighter orange, closer to the coloring of a golden chanterelle.  The hymenium (underside of a mushroom cap) can be white to orange.

C. tubaeformis  has a browner top and the stem is can be dark brown-orange to yellow. See photos. The hymenium is grey to orangish.

Formally classified as a chanterelle — tastes and looks like they might be cousins. Sill known in North American as the Winter Chanterelle. Growing season is longer than golden chanterelles.

Key identifiers

  • Hollow stem
  • Douglas Fir and Hemlock areas (especially in western North America)
  • Oak, Beech and Birch areas (especially in eastern North America)
  • Grows on rotten wood and moss
  • Grows in groups of a handful+
  • Tastes a bit peppery raw
  • White-ish / cream to pink / salmon spore prints
  • Dimple top
  • Check with a local mushroom handbook for season

Geography

Widespread in temperate and cold climates of North America, Europe and Asia. Picked commercially in the PNW.

Edibility

Edible and choice.My suggestions: Soups, stews, sauces. Retains shape well.
Also great for dehydrating.

C_tubaeformis
C. tubaeformis

Notes: To me, the smell is sweet and distinctive. I also find them to taste sweeter than a golden chanterelle, though Wikipedia reports the opposite. But another mushroom enthusiast also finds them to have a fragrant and fruity smell, especially noticable if put into a plastic bag for a few minutes.

C.unknown – A species on the west coast of North America has been identified as a separate species via DNA testing, but has not yet been named. I believe I may have found these myself —  in the same area as Pine (Matsutake) mushrooms.

Link to other descriptions and photos of Winter Chanterelles:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Craterellus_tubaeformis
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Craterellus_lutescens
http://mushroom-collecting.com/mushroomcraterellus.html
http://www.mushroomexpert.com/craterellus_tubaeformis.html
http://www.mushroomexpert.com/craterellus_ignicolor.html
http://www.mushroomexpert.com/craterellus_species_02.html

 

Milk Caps

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